2012年9月27日星期四

2012年9月24日星期一

History of herbal tea


Then, the Hemodialysis concentrates market came into being, in fact, very simple, there are profits, there is competition there, unless you are monopolies. The electronic cigarette at home this time to transfer to Shenzhen, Shenzhen itself has a large industrial electronics industry and foreign trade advantages, and a complete industrial chain, the main function for electronic cigarette exports. At this point, the domestic electronic cigarette that so few people know, because it does not develop products for the domestic market.

Herbal tea has a long history, AD 306, the Eastern Jin Dynasty Taoist medicine to Lingnan Ge Hongnan home, because of the malaria epidemic, he was able to carefully study a variety of febrile disease Lingnan medicine. Ge Hong left behind by generations of medical monographs and summary of Lingnan temperature were physicians working people in the process of long-term disease control experience, forming a strong herbal tea Lingnan culture, its formula, the term generation to generation. Story about the history of herbal tea, folklore in the South and overseas widespread, enduring.

For centuries, everywhere in Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macao, herbal tea, forming a unique landscape of Lingnan culture. The unique culture of herbal tea to make it deep and lasting expansion of power, which is the world's beverage can match any advantage.

Initially the Cupping Set is required to be foreign, because there are many foreign laws and regulations prohibit smoking in public places, and the foreign person's standard of living is relatively high, the rich and more demanding on the quality of life. So, originally designed to export the. At that time there are some brands in the country, but the price is very expensive. Almost no domestic sales are exports. So many people do not know. But with the advent of the financial crisis, many export products to domestic sales, and prices are slowly falling down.

2012年9月21日星期五

The origin of the thermometer


The first Clinical Digital Thermometer in 1593 by the Italian scientist Galileo (1564 - 1642) invented. His first exposure to only one end of the thermometer is a glass tube, the other side of the glass bulb with a large walnut. Give the glass bulb heat used, then the glass tube into the water. As the temperature of the glass tube in the water will move up and down, according to the number of moves you can determine the temperature and the temperature level.

Medical Thermometer has the role of thermal expansion and contraction so that the thermometer by the external atmospheric pressure and other environmental factors is high, measurement error.Later, Galileo's students and other scientists, on this basis, repeated improvements, such as the glass upside down, put the liquid on the tube, the tube being closed. The more prominent the French Bu Liao thermometer manufactured in 1659, he reduced the size of the glass bulb, and the temperature of material to mercury, such as thermometers already have a prototype of the thermometer now.

Thermometer hygrometer is used to measure the physical properties of the gas humidity analyzer. Humidity is the gas in the water vapor content, relative humidity, absolute humidity and two representations. Absolute humidity refers to the gas in the absolute content of water vapor, the most commonly used units of g / m ^ 3. In a certain temperature, pressure, per unit volume of water vapor content of a certain limit, known as the saturated water vapor content. Relative humidity refers to the absolute water vapor in the gas content and the same temperature, pressure, gas saturated with the volume ratio of water vapor content, commonly used symbols for the% RH.

2012年9月19日星期三

Hemodialysis Concentrates For FRESENIUS4008s

  • Brand:
  • Tom medical,
  • Model:
  • Tom medical FB100L01
  • Type:
  • Dialysis Powder & Dialysis Solution
  • ISO13485,CE,FDA:
  • U.S.P. B.P Eur.Ph.
  • 2008B,2008H,2008S:
  • 4008B,4008H,4008S
  • AK90,AK95:
  • AK100,AK200
  • Update Time:
  • 09-20-2012
Security
Draw large infusion process, Wan dialysate purification plant production barrels, to avoid pollution, dust, particles.Thousand grade cleanliness workshop production of high purity dialysate.Configuring high-quality ultrapure dialysis concentrate, the use of two reverse osmosiswater.Rigorous way of packaging and transport to ensure no contamination during transport.

Stable
Strict control of the special process to make products with a longer validity period.

Accurate
Materials meet the "Chinese Pharmacopoeia"the relevant provisions of the chemical composition of testing requirements.Advanced testing equipment to ensure the accuracy of the chemical composition.For insoluble particles, there are strict requirements.The use of advanced process control endotoxin.

Specifications
The latest industry standards issued by the national YY0598-2006, "related to treatment with hemodialysis and concentrates", for individual dialysis patients need.Products from the sodium chloride, potassium chloride, calcium chloride, magnesium chloride, citric acid, sodium bicarbonate.

composition
For acute and chronic renal failure and hemodialysis patients with drug poisoning


2012年9月17日星期一

Functional analysis of tattoo supply


tattoo supply , the predecessor of incandescent, fluorescent, energy saving lamps, neon lights and high-tech invention using a variety of contemporary high-tech light mushroomed boarded the stage lighting. Greatly facilitate the people's production and life. Edison's greatest contribution to the lamp filament is the design. He tried in two years the replacement of more than 6000 filaments, for up to 1200 times the experiment. After testing various materials around the world, Edison found that the most effective platinum.

Non-Contact Infrared Thermometer is the gauze with the Wound dressing or affected area, is a common medical supplies, there are many different types.To fix and protect the injured area of the surgery or materials necessary for the surgery. The simplest one is with a single shed, made the gauze or cotton, for the limbs, tail, head and chest and abdomen. Complex is based on the location and shape of bandages and bandage made a variety of shapes, materials for the double cotton, during which the folder can be different thicknesses of cotton, surrounded by strips of cloth to tie fixed, such as eye bandage, bandage back and waist, front chest bandage, bandages, and dorsal abdomen a bandage. Special bandages and more in the limbs and joints for the fixing.

Bicarbonate hemodialysis uses semi-permeable membrane thickness of 10-20 microns, the average membrane pore size of 3 nm, so only the molecular weight of 15,000 to small molecules and molecules by section, and the large molecular weight greater than 35,000 molecules can not. Therefore, protein, pyrogen, viruses, bacteria and blood cells are not revealing; most of the composition of urine is water, in order to replace the kidney with the artificial kidney in the blood must be discharged from a lot of water, artificial kidney only osmotic pressure and ultrafiltration can be used to achieve the purpose to remove excess moisture.

2012年9月12日星期三

Hemodialysis Entrance /exit Kit (for Catheter) A Set


Be use for Catheter through way hemodialysis
Hemodialysis Entrance/Exit kit

The kit include :
Powder gloves 2pc
Non-woven Blnket 50x40cm
Betadine cottom
ball 4pc ,Swabs 1pc be paced into separate bag
Alcohol cottom
ball 4pc , Swabs 1pc be paced into separate bag
Non-woven Gauze 1pc 6x8cm
Non-woven plastures
1.4cmX12cm 4pc
Tweezer 1pc
Dirt bag 1pc
Absorbent plaster 6x7cm 1pc



2012年9月11日星期二

Water purification

Water purification is a process of removing undesirable chemicals, materials, and biological contaminants from raw water. The goal is to produce water fit for a specific purpose. Most water is purified for human consumption (Drinking water) but water purification may also be designed for a variety of other purposes, including meeting the requirements of medical, pharmacology, chemical and industrial applications. In general the methods used include physical processes such as filtration and sedimentation, biological processes such as slow sand filters or activated sludge, chemical processes such as flocculation and chlorination and the use of electromagnetic radiation such as ultraviolet light.

The purification process of water may reduce the concentration of particulate matter including suspended particles, parasites, bacteria, algae, viruses, fungi; and a range of dissolved and particulate material derived from the surfaces that water may have made contact with after falling as rain.

The standards for drinking water quality are typically set by governments or by international standards. These standards will typically set minimum and maximum concentrations of contaminants for the use that is to be made of the water.

It is not possible to tell whether water is of an appropriate quality by visual examination. Simple procedures such as boiling or the use of a household activated carbon filter are not sufficient for treating all the possible contaminants that may be present in water from an unknown source. Even natural spring water – considered safe for all practical purposes in the 1800s – must now be tested before determining what kind of treatment, if any, is needed. Chemical analysis, while expensive, is the only way to obtain the information necessary for deciding on the appropriate method of purification.

According to a 2007 World Health Organization report, 1.1 billion people lack access to an improved drinking water supply, 88% of the 4 billion annual cases of diarrheal disease are attributed to unsafe water and inadequate sanitation and hygiene, and 1.8 million people die from diarrheal diseases each year. The WHO estimates that 94% of these diarrheal cases are preventable through modifications to the environment, including access to safe water.Simple techniques for treating water at home, such as chlorination, filters, and solar disinfection, and storing it in safe containers could save a huge number of lives each year.Reducing deaths from waterborne diseases is a major public health goal in developing countries.

2012年9月7日星期五

Peracetic acid

Peracetic acid (also known as peroxyacetic acid, or PAA), is a organic compound with the formula CH3CO3H. This organic peroxide is a colorless liquid with a characteristic acrid odor reminiscent of acetic acid. It can be highly corrosive.
Peracetic acid is a much weaker acid than the parent acetic acid, with a pKa of 8.2.

Uses
Synthesis of other compounds
The main use of peracetic acid is for the industrial synthesis of epoxides. It transfers an oxygen atom to double bonds, e.g. in ethene and propene, to form epoxides and alcohols. It can also be used in producing synthetic glycerol from propene, and is used in nylon manufacturing.

Antimicrobial agent
Peracetic acid is an ideal antimicrobial agent due to its high oxidizing potential. It is broadly effective against microorganisms and is not deactivated by catalase and peroxidase, the enzymes that break down hydrogen peroxide. It also breaks down in food to safe and environmentally friendly residues (acetic acid and hydrogen peroxide), and therefore can be used in non-rinse applications. It can be used over a wide temperature range (0-40 °C), wide pH range (3.0-7.5), in clean-in-place (CIP) processes, in hard water conditions, and is not affected by protein residues.

Mechanism of action
Peracetic acid kills microorganisms by oxidation and subsequent disruption of their cell membrane, via the hydroxyl radical (HO·). As diffusion is slower than the half-life of the radical, it will react with any oxidizable compound in its vicinity. It can damage virtually all types of macromolecules associated with a microorganism: carbohydrates, nucleic acids (mutations), lipids (lipid peroxidation) and amino acids (e.g. conversion of Phe to m-Tyr and o-Tyr). This ultimately leads to cell lysis and true microbial death.

Application
The United States Environmental Protection Agency‎‎ first registered peracetic acid as an antimicrobial in 1985 for indoor use on hard surfaces. Use sites include agricultural premises, food establishments, medical facilities, and home bathrooms. Peracetic acid is also registered for use in dairy/cheese processing plants, on food processing equipment and in pasteurizers in breweries, wineries, and beverage plants.It is also applied for the disinfection of medical supplies, to prevent bio film formation in pulp industries, and as a water purifier and disinfectant. Peracetic acid can be used as a cooling tower water disinfect where it prevents bio film formation and effectively controls Legionella bacteria.

Bleaching agent
Peracetic acid can be used as a bleaching agent especially for Kraft pulp. It is used at weakly acidic pH and relatively low temperature. It is a relative efficient and selective bleaching agent, and it is often used as an alternative to chlorine dioxide and elemental chlorine in totally chlorine free bleaching sequences (TCF). It is however relatively expensive, and is difficult to store due to its high reactivity. This has limited its use.

Fowl sanitizer
Peracetic acid is extremely effective for sanitizing fowl carcasses without affecting the skin or the flesh of the bird carcass by applying direct to the meat. In particular, peracetic acid is applying to a fowl that has been killed, plucked and eviscerated by contacting the fowl with an aqueous peracetic acid solution and maintaining that contact to a time sufficient to sanitize the fowl.

2012年9月5日星期三

About Disinfectant


Disinfectants are used to kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms that are harmful to humans and animals. The microorganisms found on surfaces can be bacteria, viruses or fungi. Besides being used to control microorganism growth, disinfectants are used to protect surfaces against future growth. Antiseptics are disinfectants that are used on human tissues to destroy microorganisms, leaving the human tissues unharmed. The use of disinfectants has a long history, as humans have sought the perfect balance of safety and efficacy.

Disinfectants have been used to destroy or deactivate microbes that can cause infections, effectively reducing the risk of disease. They have been used to treat water, making it potable (drinkable), and have also been used in hospitals to control the spread of infection by microorganisms. They have also been used in the food industry to keep food free from contaminants that can spread sickness, and to destroy microorganisms that can form in human tissues.

Man has engaged in disinfecting practices since ancient times, but the science of using disinfectants to destroy microorganisms has only been around for 150 years. Heat was one of the first disinfectants, followed by the use of sulfur dioxide as a fumigant. In the medical field, as early as the 6th century, surgeons used special vapors to disinfect operating rooms. A few centuries later, ethanol was discovered, but was not used until the mid 1700s as disinfectant to dress wounds. In addition to ethanol, many other chemicals have been used, such as chlorine, vinegar water, hypochlorite, iodine, hydrogen peroxide and phenol. As the chemicals were being introduced, disinfection techniques and the reasons for disinfecting were becoming better understood.

There has to be a balance between the efficacy of the disinfectant and the overall safety of the product. It is generally understood that, the better a compound is at disinfecting, the more its toxicity increases--and vice-versa. Disinfectants have a negative effect on the environment; this should be taken into consideration when formulating new disinfectants.
Some microorganisms have started developing a resistance to disinfectants, making them ineffective. As new strains of microorganisms appear, new disinfectants are formulated to destroy them. This is similar to what is happening with antibiotics.